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Large Language Models with Scikit-learn: A Comprehensive Guide to Scikit-LLM





By integrating the sophisticated language processing capabilities of models like ChatGPT with the versatile and widely-used Scikit-learn framework, Scikit-LLM offers an unmatched arsenal for delving into the complexities of textual data.

Scikit-LLM, accessible on its official GitHub repository, represents a fusion of – the advanced AI of Large Language Models (LLMs) like OpenAI's GPT-3.5 and the  user-friendly environment of Scikit-learn. This Python package, specially designed for text analysis, makes advanced natural language processing accessible and efficient.

Why Scikit-LLM?

For those well-versed in Scikit-learn's landscape, Scikit-LLM feels like a natural progression. It maintains the familiar API, allowing users to utilize functions like .fit(), .fit_transform(), and .predict(). Its ability to integrate estimators into a Sklearn pipeline exemplifies its flexibility, making it a boon for those looking to enhance their machine learning projects with state-of-the-art language understanding.

In this article, we explore Scikit-LLM, from its installation to its practical application in various text analysis tasks. You'll learn how to create both supervised and zero-shot text classifiers and delve into advanced features like text vectorization and classification.

Scikit-learn: The Cornerstone of Machine Learning

Before diving into Scikit-LLM, let's touch upon its foundation – Scikit-learn. A household name in machine learning, Scikit-learn is celebrated for its comprehensive algorithmic suite, simplicity, and user-friendliness. Covering a spectrum of tasks from regression to clustering, Scikit-learn is the go-to tool for many data scientists.

Built on the bedrock of Python’s scientific libraries (NumPy, SciPy, and Matplotlib), Scikit-learn stands out for its integration with Python's scientific stack and its efficiency with NumPy arrays and SciPy sparse matrices.

At its core, Scikit-learn is about uniformity and ease of use. Regardless of the algorithm you choose, the steps remain consistent – import the class, use the ‘fit' method with your data, and apply ‘predict' or ‘transform' to utilize the model. This simplicity reduces the learning curve, making it an ideal starting point for those new to machine learning.

Setting Up the Environment

Before diving into the specifics, it's crucial to set up the working environment. For this article, Google Colab will be the platform of choice, providing an accessible and powerful environment for running Python code.


!pip install scikit-llm watermark
%load_ext watermark
%watermark -a "your-username" -vmp scikit-llm

Obtaining and Configuring API Keys

Scikit-LLM requires an OpenAI API key for accessing the underlying language models.

from skllm.config import SKLLMConfig
OPENAI_API_KEY = "sk-****"
OPENAI_ORG_ID = "org-****"

Zero-Shot GPTClassifier

The ZeroShotGPTClassifier is a remarkable feature of Scikit-LLM that leverages ChatGPT's ability to classify text based on descriptive labels, without the need for traditional model training.

Importing Libraries and Dataset

from skllm import ZeroShotGPTClassifier
from skllm.datasets import get_classification_dataset
X, y = get_classification_dataset()

Preparing the Data

Splitting the data into training and testing subsets:

def training_data(data):
    return data[:8] + data[10:18] + data[20:28]
def testing_data(data):
    return data[8:10] + data[18:20] + data[28:30]
X_train, y_train = training_data(X), training_data(y)
X_test, y_test = testing_data(X), testing_data(y)

Model Training and Prediction

Defining and training the ZeroShotGPTClassifier:

clf = ZeroShotGPTClassifier(openai_model="gpt-3.5-turbo"), y_train)
predicted_labels = clf.predict(X_test)


Evaluating the model's performance:

from sklearn.metrics import accuracy_score
print(f"Accuracy: {accuracy_score(y_test, predicted_labels):.2f}")

Text Summarization with Scikit-LLM

Text summarization is a critical feature in the realm of NLP, and Scikit-LLM harnesses GPT's prowess in this domain through its GPTSummarizer module. This feature stands out for its adaptability, allowing it to be used both as a standalone tool for generating summaries and as a preprocessing step in broader workflows.

Applications of GPTSummarizer:

  1. Standalone Summarization: The GPTSummarizer can independently create concise summaries from lengthy documents, which is invaluable for quick content analysis or extracting key information from large volumes of text.
  2. Preprocessing for Other Operations: In workflows that involve multiple stages of text analysis, the GPTSummarizer can be used to condense text data. This reduces the computational load and simplifies subsequent analysis steps without losing essential information.

Implementing Text Summarization:

The implementation process for text summarization in Scikit-LLM involves:

  1. Importing GPTSummarizer and the relevant dataset.
  2. Creating an instance of GPTSummarizer with specified parameters like max_words to control summary length.
  3. Applying the fit_transform method to generate summaries.

It's important to note that the max_words parameter serves as a guideline rather than a strict limit, ensuring summaries maintain coherence and relevance, even if they slightly exceed the specified word count.

Broader Implications of Scikit-LLM

Scikit-LLM's range of features, including text classification, summarization, vectorization, translation, and its adaptability in handling unlabeled data, makes it a comprehensive tool for diverse text analysis tasks. This flexibility and ease of use cater to both novices and experienced practitioners in the field of AI and machine learning.

Potential Applications:

  • Customer Feedback Analysis: Classifying customer feedback into categories like positive, negative, or neutral, which can inform customer service improvements or product development strategies.
  • News Article Classification: Sorting news articles into various topics for personalized news feeds or trend analysis.
  • Language Translation: Translating documents for multinational operations or personal use.
  • Document Summarization: Quickly grasping the essence of lengthy documents or creating shorter versions for publication.

Advantages of Scikit-LLM:

  • Accuracy: Proven effectiveness in tasks like zero-shot text classification and summarization.
  • Speed: Suitable for real-time processing tasks due to its efficiency.
  • Scalability: Capable of handling large volumes of text, making it ideal for big data applications.

Conclusion: Embracing Scikit-LLM for Advanced Text Analysis

In summary, Scikit-LLM stands as a powerful, versatile, and user-friendly tool in the realm of text analysis. Its ability to combine Large Language Models with traditional machine learning workflows, coupled with its open-source nature, makes it a valuable asset for researchers, developers, and businesses alike. Whether it's refining customer service, analyzing news trends, facilitating multilingual communication, or distilling essential information from extensive documents, Scikit-LLM offers a robust solution.

I have spent the past five years immersing myself in the fascinating world of Machine Learning and Deep Learning. My passion and expertise have led me to contribute to over 50 diverse software engineering projects, with a particular focus on AI/ML. My ongoing curiosity has also drawn me toward Natural Language Processing, a field I am eager to explore further.